* | Returns the result of multiplying both numbers. | `3 * 2 = 6` `price * taxrate` |

+ | Returns the result of adding both numbers. | `1 + 2 = 3` `price + shipping` |

- | Returns the result of subtracting the second number from the first. | |

/ | Returns the result of dividing the first number by the second. | `6 / 3 = 2` `markup / retail price` |

^ | Returns the first number raised to the power of the second. | |

abs | Returns the absolute value. | `abs (-10) = 10` `abs (profit)` |

acos | Returns the inverse cosine in degrees. | `acos (0.5) = 60` `acos (cos-satellite-angle)` |

asin | Returns the inverse sine (specified in degrees). | `asin (0.5) = 30` `asin (sin-satellite-angle)` |

atan | Returns the inverse tangent in degrees. | `atan (1) = 45` `atan (tan-satellite-angle)` |

atan2 | Returns the inverse tangent in degrees. | `atan2 (10, 10) = 45` `atan2 (longitude, latitude)` |

cbrt | Returns the cube root of a number. | `cbrt (27) = 3` `cbrt (volume)` |

ceil | Returns the smallest following integer. | `ceil (5.9) = 6` `ceil (growth rate)` |

cos | Returns the cosine of an angle (specified in degrees). | `cos (63) = 0.45` `cos (beam angle)` |

cube | Returns the cube of a number. | `cube (3) = 27` `cube (length)` |

exp | Returns Euler's number (~2.718) raised to a power. | `exp (2) = 7.38905609893` `exp (growth)` |

exp2 | Returns 2 raised to a power. | `exp2 (3) = 8` `exp2 (growth)` |

floor | Returns the largest previous integer. | `floor (5.1) = 5` `floor (growth rate)` |

greatest | Returns the larger of the values. | `greatest (20, 10) = 20` `greatest (q1 revenue, q2 revenue)` |

least | Returns the smaller of the values. | `least (20, 10) = 10` `least (q1 revenue, q2 revenue)` |

ln | Returns the natural logarithm. | `ln (7.38905609893) = 2` `ln (distance)` |

log10 | Returns the logarithm with base 10. | `log10 (100) = 2` `log10 (volume)` |

log2 | Returns the logarithm with base 2 (binary logarithm). | `log2 (32) = 5` `log2 (volume)` |

mod | Returns the remainder of first number divided by the second number. | `mod (8, 3) = 2` `mod ( revenue , quantity )` |

pow | Returns the first number raised to the power of the second number. | `pow (5, 2) = 25` `pow (width, 2)` |

random | Returns a random number between 0 and 1. | `random ( ) = .457718` `random ( )` |

round | Returns the first number rounded to the second number (the default is 1). | `round (35.65, 10) = 40` `round (battingavg, 100)` |

sign | Returns +1 if the number is greater than zero, -1 if less than zero, 0 if zero. | `sign (-250) = -1` `sign (growth rate)` |

sin | Returns the sine of an angle (specified in degrees). | `sin (35) = 0.57` `sin (beam angle)` |

spherical_distance | Returns the distance in km between two points on Earth. | `spherical_distance (37.465191, -122.153617, 37.421962, -122.142174) = 4,961.96` `spherical_distance (start_latitude, start_longitude, start_latitude, start_longitude)` |

sq | Returns the square of a numeric value. | |

sqrt | Returns the square root. | |

tan | Returns the tangent of an angle (specified in degrees). | `tan (35) = 0.7` `tan (beam angle)` |